We investigate the issue of post-selection inference for a fixed and a mixed parameter in a linear mixed model using a conditional Akaike information criterion as a model selection procedure. Within the framework of linear mixed models we develop complete theory to construct confidence intervals for regression and mixed parameters under three frameworks, nested and general model sets as well as misspecified models. Our theoretical analysis is accompanied by a simulation experiment and a post-selection examination on mean income across Galicia’s counties. Our numerical studies confirm a good performance of our new procedure. Moreover, they reveal a startling robustness to the model misspecification of a naive method to construct the confidence intervals for a mixed parameter which is in contrast to our findings for the fixed parameters.